The association again has exciting and interesting things to say about the homeland in store

The association again has exciting and interesting things to say about the homeland in store

Herzogenaurach – the herimatverein once again has a rich annual program ready for 2015. Lectures by renowned speakers, city tours and music evenings, study trips and various city tours, including one with beer tasting, are just a few examples of the association's activities.
"At the annual general meeting in january, we can honor 25 members who have already belonged to the club for a quarter of a century", communicates the chairman klaus-peter gabelein. And adds: "the local history society continues to enjoy great popularity with its events."

Abundance of lectures
A few highlights in the calendar of events are intended to whet the appetites of non-members as well. Professors blessing and wust from the university of erlangen, for example, talk about problems with inns and beer consumption in earlier times. Once it is about "taverns and the beer consumption in the mirror of obrigkeitlicher care" (prof. Wust in february) and in march supplemented in the run-up to the 500. Return of the bavarian purity law (1516) prof. Blessing the topic "beer with a lecture on "beer socializing and beer riots in the kingdom of bavaria". The riots that occurred in herzogenaurach because of the 1 pfennig beer price increase are also addressed.
The wurzburg-based expert on franconian regional history, prof. Flachenecker, shows in april in a powerpoint show "castles in franconia", before in may the former herzogenaurach chaplain and today cathedral chaplain norbert jung from bamberg informs the less historically interested with a lecture on the current pope francis: "who is and what does jorge bergoglio, pope francis, want??"
And after the summer break, puma legend helmut fischer shows how the sports marketing business has changed in half a century in a slide show presentation. With presentations of the upper-franconian district home caretaker prof. Dippold on the "reformation and counter-reformation in herzogenaurach and in the high diocese of bamberg" and julia krieger, a member of the staff of the central franconian district local historian dr. Kluxen, about old and new customs in the run-up to christmas, with the title "halloween and klopfleinsnachte" (dumpling nights) the series of lectures comes to an end.
Numerous guided tours of the city under various aspects complement the program, with perhaps the tour in august under the aspect of "truth or lie"?" represents a special feature. It goes without saying that the local history society participates in the old town festival, holds its traditional castle moat festival on mother's day and conducts special guided tours at the summer church fair.
Of course, the company is also going on tour again. Goals are at the sog. "Imperial city festival the picturesque bad wimpfen in the tauber valley, ingolstadt with the exhibition about napoleon's reign in bavaria as well as in the region the visit of the bamberg hacker- und gartnermuseum as well as the tropfhausmuseum in hirschaid. The obligatory bicycle tour this time leads to the former fortified church in puschendorf.
And folk music will not be neglected in the new year either: georg romer with his "hornochsenband from hochstadt and the "burchgrommusikanten" from cadolzburg provide for tendency in the regular pub, the restaurant heller, in which also the "franconian carnival" takes place on carnival friday.
More details, venues and starting times of the individual events can be found in the annual program, which was sent to the members with the annual calendar and which is also available at the cultural office and in the foyer of the town hall. All events are open to the public. 


Dangerous recycling: how highly toxic substances end up in everyday plastic products

Toys, key rings, hair ornaments: cheap items made from recycled plastic may contain toxic substances, according to a study. It is about so-calledbrominated flame retardants, most of which come from electrical waste, as the federation for environmental and nature conservation (BUND) announced on wednesday, citing an EU-wide study by several environmental associations. In certain cases, the regulations for the content in recycled products are more lax than for virgin material.

Altogether approximately 110 articles from 19 european union countries had been analyzed. "Only nine of the samples tested did not show elevated concentrations of pbdes", it is called in the BUND investigation. PBDE stands for polybrominated diphenyl ethers. In the ten products tested in germany, elevated concentrations were found in nine cases, measured against the limit value for new products, it was reported.

Three of the most dangerous substances in the world

A total of three substances had been searched for, which, according to BUND chemical expert manuel fernandez, are among the most dangerous in the world. Under the so-called stockholm convention, they are listed as persistent organic pollutants to be banned worldwide. The fact that toxins that are actually already banned are coming back into circulation in recycled products is "scandalous". The background of the regulations was obviously the intention to achieve higher recycling rates. Better controls are now urgently needed.


Nrw minister president laschet: fan return “difficult”

"There is a very responsible protection concept of the german soccer league," the CDU politician told the newspapers of the funke mediengruppe. "On this basis, there was actually hope that we would soon be able to allow stadium attendance again. However, given the current infection levels, that seems difficult at the moment."

The 59-year-old referred to the conference with his colleagues, which will probably take place next week, for a "timely" agreement, "although at the moment one should not hold out much hope here for major events".

The DFL had drawn up a concept for the return of fans that the clubs were to implement in cooperation with the local authorities. German chancellor angela merkel (CDU), however, had ruled out relaxing the corona requirements for soccer as recently as monday. The health ministers of the federal states had previously agreed that stadiums should be opened to fans until at least october 31. October is not to be endorsed. The 2020/21 season in professional soccer begins with the first round of the DFB cup on the second weekend in september.


Open sunday: leithner stays out of it

open sunday: leithner stays out of it

"Our team wanted to be on sale sunday, 4. March 2018, being there for you – we must not! We ask for your understanding!" this sentence was written by robert leithner, manager of the intersport store in albert-ruckdeschel-street, at the end of a large newspaper advertisement. There is not only disappointment behind this, but also a fair amount of criticism: of the trade union verdi, the catholic workers’ movement (KAB) and the city of kulmbach.
In the latter, robert leithner had requested that the scope for 2018 be adjusted to the respective market situations. His suggestion: one could very well tackle an axis downtown – realparkplatz – intersport leithner-customer parking lot at the event flea market in september/october. He asked that a flexible solution be sought "because otherwise we would no longer see any reason to be involved in the retail trade in the city center".

Threat of lawsuit in the room

but nothing of the sort has happened. The one from tourism& event service (TUV) on 26. February the site plan sent by e-mail shows the area between the market square and the fritz shopping center as the area to be covered – so intersport leithner is once again left out. "We are a bit angry about this now, they are just taking the path of least resistance", says the owner. Resistance would indeed be expected if the city were to increase the area of application. The trade union verdi has already proven this several times in the form of lawsuits. However, leithner’s displeasure is not only directed against verdi, but also against the catholic employee movement (KAB), which works with the trade union.
After a service in st. Hedwig, where his daughter is an altar girl, he caught a KAB representative asking the girl for her opinion as part of the signature campaign against open sundays. "My daughter is only 14. When left-wing tours like this are used, you can imagine how people in germany try to create lobbies for themselves.", the sports expert is outraged. The KAB passes the data on to verdi, and the union then builds a construct to justify lawsuits.
Basically, robert leithner doesn’t understand why more and more restrictions have to take effect in a city that already has problems in the retail sector. "My employees are doing this voluntarily. We would have been there because we don’t want to work against our customers, but for them."

"Bound by law and order

"i can understand that some retailers have little understanding for the restriction of the spatial scope – but as a city we are bound by law and order. If we were to act differently, we would run the risk that the entire open sunday would be up for discussion and that no one would be allowed to open at all", emphasizes helmut volkl, operations manager for tourism& event service the city council’s resolution in february was also based on the originally large scope of application.
"Verdi lodged a supervisory complaint against this decision with the responsible legal authority, the district administration office", says volkl. There, in turn, the union’s concerns would have to be legally pursued. "The city then submitted the required statement to the district office. One of verdi’s main demands – and this applies nationwide – is, among other things, to significantly reduce the areas of application for such open sundays to the direct spatial surroundings of the event only. This means that our hands are tied as a city."
Kulmbach is no exception, continues volkl. "Cities such as bayreuth are in the same situation – in many other cities, such as munich, open sundays were even completely prevented by a lawsuit filed by verdi."
The legal basis for this was created by the federal administrative court and the bavarian administrative court in rulings in 2015. Among other things, these also state that the main attraction for the majority of visitors on this day must not be the open stores, but the event. Volkl: "unfortunately, i have to say, all this gives verdi the leverage to make sundays open for sale in this form much more difficult and to limit them severely."


Ifo: eastern economy will not catch up with the west until 2030

ifo: Eastern economy will not catch up with the West until 2030

This is what joachim ragnitz of the ifo institute in dresden said at a business talk in erfurt on monday. He believes it is unlikely that this goal will be achieved by the time the solidarity pact expires in 2019.

Regions such as those around jena, potsdam, dresden and leipzig are already in a good position and could therefore catch up more quickly. But the new federal states, with sparsely populated and structurally weak areas, were predominantly rural. "It drags down the overall picture," ragnitz said.

Ragnitz sees another reason for the weaker economic development in the east than in germany as a whole in the demographic development. A rapidly aging and shrinking population in the new german states is leading to a loss of purchasing power.


Grossbardorf’s gauls challenge bayern hof

Grossbardorf's Gauls challenge Bayern Hof

The winner of both games will play in the regionalliga sud next season."That is our dream. And we want to realize it", said grobbardorf’s coach hansjurgen ragati, who had another training session on monday, but then gave the team the day off. "Saturday’s game at FC sand cost energy. The boys should regenerate and clear their heads." the gaels won this match 4:3, thus reaching the relegation round – and sending the sander into the landesliga. "Those were special circumstances on that day. For me, it was important that my team came back from a 3-2 deficit. The will is there in any case", says ragati, who can fall back on all players with the exception of manuel orf. "In the head stands the first eleven. Only on one position I am not quite sure yet."

As a regional league team, spvgg bayern hof may be favored against the challenger, but the TSV coach by no means sees his team as outsiders. "We have as bayernligist nevertheless nothing to lose and now already a class round played. Each of my players will give everything for success." of course, ragati wants a victory, preferably without conceding a goal, to increase the pressure on the hofer before the second leg once again. Because with the upper franconians there is turmoil. With a win on the final matchday, they could have saved themselves. Instead, there was a 0:3 at the relegated vfl frohnlach. And consequences. Coach norbert schlegel, whose contract would probably not have been extended anyway, had to take his hat off. Youth coordinator henrik schodel and team manager daniel felgenhauer will coach the team in the two relegation games. By far the best scorer of the past season is daniel schaffler. The attacking midfielder has scored 15 goals in his career.

Ragati does not want to orient itself however large at the opponent. "We are focused on our game. We messed up the relegation last year, now we want to do better. And whoever wants to see the FC bayern munich reserves next year should come and support us." marketing boss andreas lampert is also hoping for a great stadium atmosphere in the future bioenergy arena, which will open on 15. June is to be inaugurated with large master program. Although the match is a safety game, no special circumstances await the visitors. "We are well positioned and get many people under us. Everything will proceed as normal."


Vw group boss: driving a car on coal-fired power is “madness”

VW group boss: driving a car on coal-fired power is 'madness'

In the dispute over stricter climate protection rules for carmakers, VW group boss herbert diess has denounced the german energy mix.

The electric car will not be able to keep up with the diesel in terms of CO2 emissions over long distances in the foreseeable future, he warned in the "suddeutsche zeitung". "Because the truth is: they’re not switching to electric, they’re switching to coal-fired."The production of one battery with coal-fired electricity would produce five metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). "And if they then run on coal-fired electricity, e-mobility really becomes a madness."

EU countries had agreed that new cars should emit an average of 35 percent less CO2 in 2030 than in 2020. The federal government originally wanted only a 30 percent reduction – which german carmakers considered feasible. Other countries wanted a reduction of 40 percent and more. The climate footprint of otherwise clean e-cars is significantly affected by the sources of electricity for batteries in operation and production.


“Help sent by god

Also the small town of “wirnt von grafenberc had to suffer from the consequences of the thirty years” war, as the village was located on an important trade route to nuremberg. However, the chroniclers of the town, all of them priests, saw it rather as god”s will to be drawn into the conflict.
The reason for this is simple: according to the chronicler hans ackermann, grafenberg has been protestant since around 1540. And since 1618, the beginning of the thirty years’ war, the religious war between protestant and catholic christians has been raging. "God sent help and salvation from sweden", wrote the other local chronicler and pastor gustav adler in 1850 when looking back on the war about the landing of the swedish king gustav II. Adolf on the island of usedom in 1630.

Capture of kunreuth

adler further wrote about god-fearing warriors "who burst into tears at the sight of the praying king". Adler entered the thirty years war with the year 1630, when the (catholic) "imperial soldiers" on 22. In november, the castle of the von egloffstein family in kunreuth was captured. Four weeks later these troops came to grafenberg and occupied the place.
The people of grafenberg got wind of it and fled in time. At leupoldstein some stragglers were caught up by the horsemen and plundered. The rest made it to pegnitz and bayreuth. "On 1. XII. 1631 afternoon 4 o’clock came grafenberger with woman and child and 14 wagons to pegnitz", reports the local chronicle.
One year later, on 24. November, croats came into the town, feared warriors of the opposing, catholic warlord wallenstein. They plundered the town "smashed and devastated everything", partially set fire to grafenberg and took everything they could use. Obviously it was an easy victory, because three months later the croats came again and plundered the place once more.
In 1633 the swedish soldiers – often even german mercenary troops – came to grafenberg for a third time. They had to defend nuremberg against wallenstein and needed for the huge army of about 70000 men a lot of food, which they "collected" around nuremberg. Since the people of grafenberg resisted the attack, "about 60 people were murderously shot, beaten and wounded", writes the chronicler adler. Grafenberg was burned in half, all food was taken away, which is why grafenberg even remained uninhabited for a while, as the remaining inhabitants had fled to nuremberg.

Trail of destruction

on 11. June 1633 the new swedish commander bernhard, duke of weimar – king gustav II. Adolf had fallen in the battle of lutzen – through grafenberg and the surrounding area and also left behind a trail of destruction. Guttenburg almost completely burned, grafenberg-hull burned, hiltpoltstein burned. Four weeks later grafenberg was taken again. This went on for a total of three years: once the imperial troops were in the village to plunder, then again the swedish soldiers.
The war actions lasted until 1635, reported local chronicler adler, after that there were also soldiers in the place. However, they did not plunder any more, but had to be fed and endured. "Anno 1635 the 8. October wallische and rotenberg 200 men billeted themselves and ate out grafenberg in 14 days", reports local chronicler adler depressingly.
The war time had devastated the country and halved the population. "You walk ten miles and you don’t see one person, not one cattle, not one sparrow. In all villages the remaining houses are full of corpses: man, woman, child, horses, pigs next to and among each other, strangled by hunger and the plague, gnawed on by wolves and crows, because there is no one to bury and mourn them.", reports an eyewitness.
Also the discipline and order among the citizens suffered from the rough treatment. In grafenberg, the "new gallows" was the scene hans lang from regenthal was hanged because he was caught as a thief and woman abuser. Another time a certain hans behem was put in the pillory and expelled from the country for blasphemy. At a wedding in forchheim he is said to have shouted:"… That the thunder and hail should strike god in heaven, because he let the horsemen and soldiers devastate the land".


Media: more and more people injured and killed by medical devices

Media: More and more people injured and killed by medical devices

In germany last year, 14.034 cases had been reported involving injuries, deaths or other problems that could be related to medical devices. The broadcasters NDR and WDR as well as the "suddeutsche zeitung" reported that the number of suspected cases of fraud was rising sharply. The three media outlets would have investigated the matter in cooperation with the international consortium of investigative journalists (ICIJ) as well as some 60 media partners. The research would be published worldwide under the title "implant files".

The increase in the number of reports has been registered for years by the responsible authority – the federal institute for drugs and medical devices (bfarm) – and is also published. The most recent figure on the website is from 2016, when 12.000 cases have been reported.

However, according to its own account, the institute has found in its reviews in the past that in about 40 percent of cases the reported problem did not originate from the medical device. It was therefore in the legal sense no reportable "occurrence" had been. For example, the institute refers to a malfunction or improper designation of a medical device that could have led to the death or deterioration of the health of a patient.


Dna nanorobot specifically attacks cancer cells

DNA nanorobot specifically attacks cancer cells

The miniature machine, modeled on the body’s own immune system, consists of cleverly folded genetic material (DNA) and can in principle be tailored to any target cell in the organism, as the developers led by shawn douglas of harvard university in boston report in the u.S. Journal "science".

So far, however, the robot has only been tested in cell cultures. Whether it can ever be used on humans has not yet been clarified. Similar approaches are also being pursued by other research groups.

The nanorobot resembles a hexagonal cage that is only 45 nanometers (millionths of a millimeter) high and 35 nanometers thick – making it about 2000 times thinner than a human hair. The cage, folded using a special technique called DNA-origami, consists of two halves held together by custom-made bars. These bars are designed in such a way that, like white blood cells, they can recognize the surface of desired target cells – such as cancer cells – and dock onto them. With docking, the latch reconfigures itself so that the nanocage swings open.